Nepal: The country of fluttering prayer flags

The Shangri-la for the mountain lovers and the land of endless beauty is a country Nepal. It is the ultimate destination for trekkers and mountaineers. A must-visit country with a crown of Mt. Everest and the birthplace of Buddha with a medieval flavor of culture in the lap of Himalayas is Nepal. As a natural wonder, it officially has more than a thousand peaks above 6,000 meters above sea level.


Located in South Asia between India and China, Nepal is slightly bigger than Greece in Europe and smaller than Iowa in the USA. The Hindu Kingdom until 2008 has a chequered political history. With a modern constitution, Nepal is relatively a newer democracy. Sandwiched geographically and politically between China and India, it is an important member of regional body SAARC in South Asia. With Hinduism and Buddhist characters and cultural diversity, it stands secular today.

With 30 million population, the country has three-layered governments and is administratively divided into 7 provinces and 753 municipal bodies. Kathmandu is the capital and the biggest city. A powerful earthquake in April 2015 that shook Nepal was a powerful blow to the economy, cultural heritage and tourism.

Nepal has three geographical divisions; mountains and highlands in the north, high midlands and hills, and lower fertile plains of Terai. With extreme altitudinal variations, Nepal is a potpourri of more than hundreds of ethnic groups mostly with their own languages and dialects. Nepali is the official language with English widely used.

Nepal has a unique combination of snow-capped Himalayas to temples made of wood, brick and gold in several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, lush green fertile plains to some of the most diverse natural landscapes on earth. Nearly all types of climates in the world are found in Nepal. Although Nepal can be travelled any time of the year for various purposes, travellers prefer Spring (March-May) and Autumn (September-November) as the best time to explore the country. All foreigners, except certified Indians, need to have a valid visa to enter Nepal.

Nepal has so much to offer that a nature lover traveller keeps on visiting it over and over again. May it be trekking or mountaineering, or a pleasant walk in the nature or a spiritual stroll to the temples and monasteries, you will find the people smiling and welcoming you

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